St.Ignatius of Loyola founded the Society of Jesus in 1541 together with his nine companions, including St.Francis Xavier.The members of the Society of Jesus are called Jesuits. The Society of Jesus is engaged in various works in 112 nations on six continents. Jesuits work in education (founding schools, colleges, universities and seminaries), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, and promote social justice and ecumenical dialogue. Worldwide the Society of Jesus is responsible for 18565 Educational Institutions in 65 countries, 356 of them being secondary schools.
These Jesuit education institutions engage the efforts of over one lakh teachers among whom over 91,000 lay people-men and women belonging to different religious communities and the rest members of the Society of Jesus. They educate approximately 18 lakh students.In India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, the Society of Jesus is responsible for 153 High Schools, 38 University Colleges, 14 Technical Institutes and five other Institutes with 9,000 lay teacher educating 2 lakh 50 thousand students belonging to every social class, community and linguistic group. They are taught through the medium of English and other regional languages.
The Society of Jesus (SJ; Latin: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain. The members are called Jesuits (Latin: Iesuitae). The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations. Jesuits work in education, intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social ministries, and promote ecumenical dialogue.
Ignatius of Loyola, a Basque nobleman from the Pyrenees area of northern Spain, founded the society after discerning his spiritual vocation while recovering from a wound sustained in the Battle of Pamplona. He composed the Spiritual Exercises to help others follow the teachings of Jesus Christ. In 1534, Ignatius and six other young men, including Francis Xavier and Peter Faber, gathered and professed vows of poverty, chastity, and later obedience, including a special vow of obedience to the Pope in matters of mission direction and assignment. Ignatius's plan of the order's organization was approved by Pope Paul III in 1540 by a bull containing the "Formula of the Institute".Ignatius was a nobleman who had a military background, and the members of the society were supposed to accept orders anywhere in the world, where they might be required to live in extreme conditions. Accordingly, the opening lines of the founding document declared that the society was founded for "whoever desires to serve as a soldier of God to strive especially for the defence and propagation of the faith and for the progress of souls in Christian life and doctrine." Jesuits are thus sometimes referred to colloquially as "God's soldiers", "God's marines", or "the Company", which evolved from references to Ignatius' history as a soldier and the society's commitment to accepting orders anywhere and to endure any conditions. The society participated in the Counter-Reformation and, later, in the implementation of the Second Vatican Council.The Society of Jesus is consecrated under the patronage of Madonna Della Strada, a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and it is led by a Superior General. The headquarters of the society, its General Curia, is in Rome. The historic curia of Ignatius is now part of the Collegio del Gesù attached to the Church of the Gesù, the Jesuit mother church.
In 2013, Jorge Mario Bergoglio became the first Jesuit to be elected Pope, taking the name Pope Francis.
THE IGNATIAN VISION
- "To seek the formation of the whole person"
- "To help each person to be more for them selves and for others"
- "To live in an attitude of discernment seeking God's will in all"
- "To labour to extend the Greater Glory of God"
The Ignatian Teaching Model is framed around a number of guiding questions:
- Context: What do we need to know about our students?
- Experience: What is the best way to engage our students in learning?
- Reflection: How do our students reflect more deeply on what they have learned?
- Action: How do we encourage students to move beyond knowledge to action?
- Evaluation: How do we assess our students' growth in mind, heart and spirit?
FamousEducational Institutions owned and managed by Jesuits in India:
- St. Xavier's School & College : Kolkata.
- St. Xavier's School & College : Mumbai.
- St. Xavier's School & College : Ranchi.
- St. Xavier's School & College : Jaipur.
- St. Xavier's School & College : Ahmadabad.
- St. Xavier's School & College : Patna.
- St. Xavier's School : Delhi.
- XLRI : Jamshedpur.
- XIM : Bhubaneswar & Mumbai.
- Loyola College : Chennai.
- St. Joseph's School & College : Bangalore.
OUR SISTER INSTITUTIONS:
- Joseph's School- Darjeeling.
- St. Alphonsus School, Kurseong.
- Loyola School, Mogulkata ( near Banarhat).
- St. Vincent's School, Hatighisa.
- St. Peter's School, Gayaganga.
- Gandhi Ashram (music) School, Kalimpong.
- St. Joseph's School, Mungpoo.
- St. Joseph's College, Darjeeling.
- North Bengal St. Xavier's College, Rajganj.
- Loyola College of Education, Namchi (Sikkim).
Some Eminent jesuits
- Fr. Matteo Ricci SJ : Mathematician and Astonomer at the Chinese Court.
- Fr. Scheiver SJ : discovered the sun-spots.
- Fr. Georgoire de St. Vincent SJ : Founder of the analytical geometry along with Descartes and Fermiot.
- Fr. Gusamao SJ : invented the first air-balloons.
- Fr. Secchi SJ : did the topographical survey of the moon, special studies of nebulai and the first classification of stars.
- Fr. De Vico SJ : discovered several comets and was one of those who observed the transit of Venus.
- Fr. Cecil Saldanha SJ : Taxonomist. He has done extensive research and published volumes on Hassan and Karnataka Flora.
- Fr. Santapau SJ : Taxonomist, had collected more than 100,000 specimens and was an internationally recognized authority on Plant-taxonomy and Systematics. He led a delegation of Indian Botanists to USSR and Edinburgh. He was bestowed with 'Padma Shri' Award.
The darjeeling provience statement:
Inspired by the person and teaching of Jesuits Christ, we, the Darjeeling Jesuits aim in our educational ministry at a radical change of heart in our students , staff, parents and the community so that they be compassionate, competent, conscientious and commited to bring about a visibly just society.Jesuits education aims at the internal personl formation of youth. To accomplish this special efforts are made:
- To help the students become mature, spiritually oriented man and women of character.
- To encourage them continiously to stive after excellence in every field.
- To value and judiciously use their freedom.
- To be clear and firm on principles and courageous in action.
- To be unselfish in service of their neighbours.
- To become agents of needed social change in their country.